logo

2 Intriguing Heritage Site In Rwanda

Home / Africa

2 Intriguing Heritage Site In Rwanda

Date: Jun 28, 2022
Author: Collins.cidar 418 No Comments

In the eastern part of Africa, within the Great Rift Valley, is located the Republic of Rwanda, one of the world’s most sought after and talked about countries in terms of cultural, natural, and historical heritages. The capital, Kigali, has been so linked with the Rwandan Genocide of 1994, as the name alone elicits intense emotional reactions from anyone who was in this city in that year. In fact, the most heinous and gruesome of the genocide was perpetrated in this city. And this led to the establishment in this serene and beautiful city of the historic sites; Sites Memoriaux De Genocide, which are the preserved sites of the genocide. The memories of the events of those years and their accompanying emotions made to appear still fresh in the mind of the visitors to these sites.

Sites of genocide, although enough thrilling adventure, are not the only ones worth going to see in Rwanda. So many other marveling cultural and historic sites exist in this country to be seen by visitors. They range from the Parc Nationale De Nyungwe to the Kandt House Museum, Rwanda Art Museum, St. Michael Cathedral, which is as stunning as ever, and the magnificent Saint-Famille Church. Numerous others still remain for you to see.

Nyungwe National Park

Nyungwe National Park/photograher:Visit Rwand/Flickr

The Nyungwe natural forest, which became Nyungwe National Park in 2005 by law Nº 22/2005 of 11/21/2005, is a forest area located in the southwest of Rwanda, precisely in five districts: Nyaruguru and Nyamagabe of the Province from South ; Rusizi, Nyamasheke and Karongi from Western Province. Nyungwe National Park is a set of three components of natural properties that covers an area of ​​1,019 km 2, with a buffer zone of 10,085.22 ha comprising: (i) the natural forest of Nyungwe which covers the hills and mountains of southwest Rwanda is known as the largest island of mountainous forest in South-West Africa. ‘East and Central Africa; (ii) the natural forest of Cyamudongo and (iii) a small natural forest of Gisakura. It is also a paradise for primates that cannot be found elsewhere in the world, including colobus monkeys and chimpanzees that we encounter in numbers.

Genocide memorial sites: Nyamata, Murambi, Bisesero and Gisozi

Genocide memorial sites: Nyamata, Murambi, Bisesero and Gisozi/Photographer:Adam Jones

The historical context of the genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda has its roots in colonization. Indeed, at all times, Rwandans have remained a people with the same mother tongue, Kinyarwanda, with the same traditions, customs and traditions, with the same traditional religion, in short, with the same culture. But with the era of African colonization, at the end of the 19th centurycentury, Europeans, mainly Belgians, have succeeded through their policy of dividing and ruling, to stereotype Rwandans thus sticking some, Tutsi, of several qualifiers: good leaders first, immigrants, hypocrites, then, and the others, Hutus, aborigines or natives of Rwanda, naturally good and humble. This unjustified division was taught and applied especially by the ruling Rwandan classes until the outbreak of the genocide committed against the Tutsi between April-July 1994. Thus, the peasant mass became the first victim of this divisionist policy. 

The memorial sites proposed for inscription are, on the one hand, the testimony of the intolerance of man against his fellow man and the symbol of a firm commitment so that the genocide does not happen again in Rwanda as everywhere. elsewhere, on the other hand.

Therefore, recognizing these sites as a memorial to humanity is an effective strategy to fight against the crime of genocide and crimes against humanity, genocidal and negationist ideology.

NYAMATA  : Belgian colonial policy in Rwanda, the First and Second Republic that followed were generally characterized by ethnism, divisionism and regionalism, one of the main causes of the ethnocide of Tutsi in Rwanda in 1994. It is within this framework that the major part of the Tutsi population living especially in the north and the south of the country were deported to forcibly live in the region of Nyamata infected with tsetse fly.

In this region, exploited and become habitable as in other centers of the country, a church will be built there, but in 1994, this once holy place will be desecrated and will become a place of immolation of its faithful Tutsi members by their Rwandan counterparts, the 45,000 and more people who had sought refuge there were all savagely killed.

Recall that in 1994, many churches were the sites of the massacres of thousands of victims of the genocide committed against the Tutsi: this is the case of Nyange and Nyundo in the west of the country and Sainte Famille and Saint Michel in the city center of Kigali, Musha and Nyarubuye east of Kigali, to name a few. Yet, according to tradition, anyone who sought refuge in a chapel could under no circumstances be killed.

MURAMBI: in 1959 as in 1994, this region where Murambi hill is circumscribed was the target of Tutsi murders and was considered its largest concentration camp for the following reasons:

–    strong awareness of local politico-administrative and military authorities;

–    region liberated late compared to those in the east of the country;

–    impossibility of fleeing or of finding another refuge, given the strategic location of the hill.

Out of more than forty-five thousand victims who had taken refuge on the hill, only fourteen people found either below the dead or immersed in blood or still believed to be dead, survived.

Therefore, the cruelties committed in Murambi deserve the memory of the Rwandans and of all humanity.

BISESERO: During the massacres of 1962 and 1973, the Tutsi of the region had fled en masse to the hill of Bisesero-Muyira where they had succeeded in defending themselves. Believing to find salvation there and to be in the same position as before, for more than a month they resisted by fighting with spears, machetes, stones and simple sticks against people armed to the teeth with guns and hand grenades. Such a sign that they managed to wrest some weapons from the militiamen.

The way in which the victims of the Tutsi genocide in Bisesero challenged the genocide is a model that Rwanda and humanity must keep in mind.

GISOZI: in the midst of the genocide, Kigali did not experience concentration camps of the same size as Murambi and Nyamata apart from the ETO / Kicukiro (Official Technical School), the Sainte Famille and Saint Michel cathedrals, and the Hôtel de Thousand Hills). But, the thousands of people died on barriers or those killed in their neighborhoods and the surroundings of the city numbered in the thousands. In order to properly manage a memorial that is up to the means available to the government, the latter had a single memorial built in the capital Kigali, in Gisozi. This memorial shows the atrocities committed and its tangible and intangible evidence.

Click Here To Visit Our Source

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *