3 Historic Place To See In Bangladesh
Every country has its description and what is been known for, but that of Bangladesh springs out from the largest river delta and the laid-back, primitive atmospheric environment. This mysterious country is made of numerous religion, tradition and cultural heritage, Perhaps From every nook and cranny of the cities you can hear the call for prayer from the Muslim and as well chanting of Buddhist, when is time for prayer. Its atmosphere is relaxing, though it looks primitive but so beautiful to behold. Bangladesh has so much to offer for travelers or adventurer, starting from the Paharpur the home of Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara to the Mangrove of the Sundarban in the delta. If you thinking of seeing an ancient architecture and a primitive lifestyle, then Bangladesh is a place to take your trip to. Below are lists of interest places you would like to see.
Ruins of the Buddhist Vihara of Paharpur
Located in the northwest of Bangladesh in the Naogaon district, the heart of ancient “Varendra”, near the village of Paharpur, the imposing ruins of the Buddhist monastic complex are the largest and most spectacular pre-Islamic monument in Bangladesh.
The first builder of the monastery was Dharmapala Vikramshila (770-810 AD), king of Varendri-Maghada, as inscribed on a clay seal found within the monastery grounds.
The plan of the monastery can be described as a large quadrangle measuring about 920 feet, with a main entrance, an elaborate structure, on the north side. The outer walls of the monastery are formed by rows of cells that face inwards at the main temple, placed in the center of the courtyard. In the last phase of construction of the monastery, the number of cells, which formed the outer wall, reached 177. The main temple is built on a cruciform plan and has a terraced superstructure which rises by means of three terraces above it. from the ground to a height of about 70 feet. The upper level is an imposing rectangular central block which forms the central brick column. The intermediate terrace is a vast circumambulatory passage which serves four main chapels ormandapas arranged at the four cardinal points and which are accessible by crossing anterooms with columns. Although the plan may seem complex, it is in fact a simple cross shape that was worked out with a series of projections at reentrant angles, a shape copied and reproduced on all levels of the main temple. At the intermediate level, there were originally two bands formed of terracotta slabs running the length of the temple, only half of which could be preserved on the site.
Today the lower level is 3 feet above the pradakshinapathaoriginal, the main circumambulatory passage, and below the base of the lowest strip of terracotta plates. Archaeological excavations have revealed the presence of a 15 foot long passage that has an elaborate cross shape, a feature that can be discerned from the foundations of the outer wall that encloses the passage and which still exists today. At the foot of the temple, there are around 60 stone carvings that represent a variety of Hindu deities. The main entrance to the monastery was through a fortified gate north of the central temple. The majority of utility buildings such as the kitchen and dining hall are located in the southeast corner, but a few structures can also be found in the northeast corner.
Epigraphic documents testify that the cultural and religious life of this great Vihara was closely linked to the famous and ancient Buddhist centers of Bohdgaya and Nalanda, many treatises were written in Paharpur, a place where the form of Mahayana Buddhism called vajrayana was practiced.
Nowadays, Paharpur is the most spectacular and magnificent monument in Bangladesh and the second largest single Buddhist monastery in the southern Himalayas.
Historic mosque town of Bagerha
The historic Mosque-City of Bagerhat is an important testimony of a medieval town located in the southwestern part of what is now Bagerhat district, in southwestern Bangladesh, at the confluence of the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. The ancient city, which was once called Khalifatabad, stretches along the southern bank of the Bhairab River and was prosperous in the 15th century BC.
This splendid city which covered 50 km 2 contains some of the most significant buildings of the early development of Muslim architecture in Bengal, including 360 mosques, public buildings, mausoleums, bridges, roads, water tanks and other public constructions in bricks.
This ancient city, built in the space of a few years and then invaded by the jungle after the death of its founder in 1459, is striking in several ways: by the density of Islamic religious monuments testifying to the piety of Khan Jahan, such as the attests to the inscription engraved on his grave; by the absence of fortifications which facilitates the possibilities of retreat in the impenetrable swamps of the Sundarbans; finally by the quality of the infrastructures – water supply and evacuation, cisterns and reservoirs, roads and bridges – which reveals a perfect mastery of urban planning and a desire for spatial organization.
The monuments, which have been partly cleared of vegetation, are divided into two main areas, 6.5 km apart: to the west, around the mosque of Shait-Gumbad and to the east, around the mausoleum of Khan Jahan. More than 50 monuments have been identified: in the first group, the mosques of Singar, Bibi Begni and Clumakkola; in the second, the mosques of Reza Khoda, Zindavir and Ranvijoypur.
The Sundarbans Forest Reserve (RFS) located in southwestern Bangladesh between the Baleshwar rivers in the east and Harinbanga in the west, neighboring the Bay of Bengal, is the largest single-block mangrove forest in the world . The property is located between 21 ° 27 ’30’ ‘and 22 ° 30′ 00 ” North latitude and 89 ° 02 ’00’ ‘and 90 ° 00’ 00 ” East longitude, it covers an area of 1,000 square kilometers, 60% of the area of the property is in Bangladesh, the rest in the neighboring country, India. The submerged land areas, including sandbanks, cover 414,259 hectares (70%) while the sea areas cover an area of 187,413 hectares (30%).
The three wildlife sanctuaries to the south cover 139,700 hectares and are considered the central breeding grounds for a number of endangered species. Located in unique bioclimatic and geographical areas, on the coast of the Bay of Bengal, the property is one of the high places of mythological and historical heritage. Rich in landscapes of magnificent beauty and natural resources, the property is internationally recognized for the high degree of biodiversity of the flora and fauna of its mangroves, both on land and at sea.
The immense intertidal mangrove of the Sundarbans Forest Reserve in Bangladesh is, in fact, a mosaic of islands of different shapes and sizes, perpetually bathed in brackish water which, with a shrill noise, creeps into an impressive endless labyrinth. of waterways. This site is the site of exceptional biodiversity in its terrestrial, aquatic and marine habitats for species of flora and fauna of all sizes. The Sundarbans are a commodity of universal importance for endangered species all over the planet such as the Royal Bengal tiger, Ganges and Irrawaddy dolphins, estuary crocodiles (marine crocodiles) and turtles rivers of India ( Batagur baska), a critically endangered species. The reserve is the only mangrove habitat in the world for the species Panthera tigris tigris .