3 Must Visit World Heritage Sites in Germany

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3 Must Visit World Heritage Sites in Germany

Date: Dec 4, 2022
Author: Collins.cidar 387 No Comments

History, culture and natural beauty are the core values to identify a country with. Perhaps this immensely described in Germany making it a home of many enchanting destinations for an adventurous trip. The Cathedral, Castles, Forest, Mountain, coastlines and the bustling cities will be of a surprise to visitors. Some travellers don’t see reason to take their holiday or adventurous trip to Germany, thinking is nothing good to write home about Germany when it comes to sustainable eco-tourism destinations, but I tell you! You’re missing out, after following our list below you would have a reason to take your next trip to Germany.

Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of European

Trees in the beech forest at Jasmund National Park, Rügen, Germany, part of the `Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe` UNESCO world heritage./Credit:Sybille Reuter/ iStockphoto

The “Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe” are a transnational serial property comprising 94 component parts across 18 countries. They represent an outstanding example of relatively undisturbed, complex temperate forests and exhibit a wide spectrum of comprehensive ecological patterns and processes of pure and mixed stands of European beech across a variety of environmental conditions. During each glacial phase (ice ages) of the last 1 million years, European beech (Fagus sylvatica) survived the unfavourable climatic conditions in refuge areas in the southern parts of the European continent. These refuge areas have been documented by scientists through palaeoecological analysis and using the latest techniques in genetic coding. After the last Ice Age, around 11,000 years ago, beech started expanding its range from these southern refuge areas to eventually cover large parts of the European continent. During this expansion process, which is still ongoing, beech formed different types of plant communities while occupying largely different environments. The interplay between a diversity of environments, climatic gradients and different species gene pools has and continues to shape this high diversity of beech forest communities. These forests contain an invaluable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beech and many other species, which are associated with and dependent on these old-growth forest habitats.

Messel Pit Fossil Site

Messel Pit Fossil Site/Photographer: Lisa Yount/ Image: Unsplash

Messel Pit provides the single best fossil site which contributes to the understanding of evolution and past environments during the Palaeogene, a period which saw the emergence of the first modern mammals. The property includes a detailed geological record of middle Eocene age, dating from 47-48 million years ago. It provides unique information about the early stages of the evolution of mammals and is exceptional in the quality of preservation, quantity and diversity of fossils of over 1000 species of plants and animals, ranging from fully articulated skeletons to feathers, skin, hair and stomach contents. Located in the German Land of Hesse, this area of just 42 ha conserves a rich fossiliferous bed of oil shale some 190 m thick. Discovered through mining activities, the area has now been preserved and has been the subject of important paleontological research, which has greatly contributed to our knowledge of evolutionary history. Significant scientific discoveries include studies of the evolution of echolocation in exceptionally well-preserved fossil bats and vital new data on the evolution of primates, birds and insects.

Wadden Sea

Wadden Sea/photographer: Uta Scholl/Image: Unsplash

The Wadden Sea is the largest unbroken system of intertidal sand and mud flats in the world, with natural processes undisturbed throughout most of the area. The 1,143,403 ha World Heritage property encompasses a multitude of transitional zones between land, the sea and freshwater environment, and is rich in species specially adapted to the demanding environmental conditions. It is considered one of the most important areas for migratory birds in the world, and is connected to a network of other key sites for migratory birds. Its importance is not only in the context of the East Atlantic Flyway but also in the critical role it plays in the conservation of African-Eurasian migratory waterbirds. In the Wadden Sea up to 6.1 million birds can be present at the same time, and an average of 10-12 million pass through it each year. 

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