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6 Must Visit World Heritage Sites in France

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6 Must Visit World Heritage Sites in France

Date: Nov 29, 2021
Author: Collins.cidar 133 No Comments

France is a country of Fantastic history and culture that is of breath-taking, it environment is decorated with enchanting architectural structure and monuments ranging from Eiffel Tower to the endless vineyard & the amazing French castle that has left every visitor with colorful experience warranting return of trip upon return trip. If you are an adventurous traveller and you have not made it to France, then your adventures are not yet completed. France has more than captivating destination to satisfy your curiosity, making it one of the most visited country in the world with exciting and spectacles historical destinations. There is a reason you should take a trip to France if nothing but to be an eyes witness to the truth.

Primary and ancient beech forests of the Carpathians and other parts of Europe

Trees in the beech forest at Jasmund National Park, Rügen, Germany, part of the `Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe` UNESCO world heritage./Photographer: Credit:Sybille Reuter/ Image: iStockphoto

The “Primary and ancient beech forests of the Carpathians and other parts of Europe” is a transnational serial property made up of 94 component parts in 18 countries. They represent an outstanding example of complex, relatively undisturbed temperate forests, and illustrate a wide range of complete ecological patterns and processes of pure and mixed stands of common beech under a variety of environmental conditions. During each glaciation (ice age) of the last million years, the common beech (Fagus sylvatica) has survived adverse climatic conditions in southern refuges on the European continent. These refuges have been studied by scientists, in the framework of paleoecological analyzes and using the most modern techniques of genetic coding. After the last ice age, About 11,000 years ago, the beech began to extend its range beyond these southern refuges to cover large areas of the European continent. During the process of expansion, still at work today, the beech formed different types of plant communities while occupying essentially different environments. The interaction between the diversity of environments, climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats. the beech began to extend its range beyond these southern refuges to cover vast areas of the European continent. During the process of expansion, still at work today, the beech formed different types of plant communities while occupying essentially different environments. The interaction between the diversity of environments, climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats. the beech began to extend its range beyond these southern refuges to cover vast areas of the European continent. During the process of expansion, still at work today, the beech formed different types of plant communities while occupying essentially different environments. The interaction between the diversity of environments, climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats. still at work today, beech formed different types of plant communities while occupying essentially different environments. The interaction between the diversity of environments, climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats. still at work today, beech formed different types of plant communities while occupying essentially different environments. The interaction between the diversity of environments, climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats. climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats. climatic gradients and the genetic heritage of different species has shaped this great diversity of beech forest communities and continues to do so. These forests contain a valuable population of old trees and a genetic reservoir of beeches and many other species, associated and dependent on these ancient forest habitats.

Gulf of Porto: Calanche de Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola reserve

Gulf of Porto: Calanche de Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola reserve/Credit:Gwenvidig/ Image: iStockphoto

The reserve, which is part of the Regional Natural Park of Corsica, occupies the Scandola peninsula, an impressive porphyry massif with tormented shapes. Its vegetation is a remarkable example of scrubland. There are gulls, cormorants and sea eagles. The transparent waters, with inaccessible islets and caves, are home to a rich marine life.

High tectonic place Chaîne des Puys – Limagne fault

“View from the french volcano called Puy de Dome.The first crater is called puy Pariou, the second puy Goules and the third puy Sarcouy.Near Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne, France.Similar pictures from Auvergne”/Credit:digital_eye/Image: iStockphoto

The Chaîne des Puys – Limagne fault tectonic hotspot, located in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in central France, is an emblematic element of the West European rift, created in the wake of the formation of the Alps 35 years ago. million years ago. The property has an area of ​​24,223 ha with a buffer zone of 16,307 ha configured to give strategic protection to the main areas. The boundaries of the property have been drawn to include the geological features and landscapes that characterize a tectono-volcanic assemblage and include the long Limagne fault, the panoramic alignment of the Chaine des Puys volcanoes and the inverted relief of the Mountain. de la Serre. Together, these features demonstrate how the continental crust cracks and then collapses,

The property provides an exceptional illustration of the processes and characteristics of the continental rupture, a fundamental phenomenon in the history of the Earth. It is globally important from the point of view of its exhaustive nature, its density and the clarity of the topographical expression, testifying in particular to the genetic and chronological links which unite the characteristics of the continental rupture (rifting). Densely clustered and clearly interconnected, these features provide focused access to a geological phenomenon on a planetary scale and its global understanding.

Lagoons of New Caledonia: reef diversity and associated ecosystems

View over turquoise lagoon at Tadine Bay, south-west coast of Maré Island with beautiful natural rocky lagoon and coral reef to the horizon under sunny blue summer sky. Tadine Bay, Mare Island, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia, Pacific Ocean Islands./Credit:Mlenny/Image: iStockphoto

The lagoons and tropical coral reefs of New Caledonia are an outstanding example of extremely diverse coral reef ecosystems and form one of the three most extensive reef systems in the world. It is home to the world’s most diverse concentration of reef structures with an exceptional variety of coral and fish species and a continuum of habitats ranging from mangroves to seagrass beds with a vast array of reef shapes spanning across d ‘important oceanic gradients. There are still intact ecosystems with healthy populations of large predators as well as a great diversity of large fish in large numbers. The natural beauty of the lagoons is exceptional.

Pitons, cirques and ramparts of Reunion Island

Landscape showing the summit of Grand Bénare, one of the three highest mountains of Reunion Island, accessible by a long sporty hike giving a panoramic view of the cirques of Cilaos and Mafate/Credit:Romain Techer – Endemikimages/Image: iStockphoto

The region of Pitons, cirques and ramparts of Reunion Island coincides with the central zone of Reunion National Park. The property covers more than 100,000 ha, or 40% of Reunion, an island made up of two adjacent volcanic massifs and located in the southwest of the Indian Ocean. Dominated by two towering volcanic peaks, massive city walls and three cliff-fringed cirques, the property presents a great diversity of rugged terrain and impressive escarpments, gorges and wooded pools which together create a spectacular landscape. It includes natural habitats with their assemblages of the most valuable species of the Mascarene archipelago. It protects key areas of a recognized global center of plant diversity and exhibits a remarkably high rate of endemism for many taxa.

French southern lands and sea

French southern lands and sea/Photographer:Valentin B. Kremer/Image: Unsplash

Located between the 37th and 50th parallels south, the “French Southern Lands and Seas” encompass the largest of the rare emerged lands of the southern Indian Ocean, including the Crozet archipelago, the Kerguelen islands and the Saint-Paul and Amsterdam islands. . Their oceanographic and geomorphological characteristics allow an extreme productivity of their waters, at the base of a rich and diverse food web. This “oasis” in the heart of the Southern Ocean shelters and maintains one of the highest concentrations and diversity of birds and marine mammals in the world. The grandiose volcanic landscapes, which host this wild and abundant nature, forge the sublime character of the property.

Covering more than 672,000 km 2 , the immensity of the property allows both a broad representativeness of southern biodiversity and the protection of all the ecological processes essential to the maintenance of these species. As such, the territory plays a key role for the good health of the oceans on a planetary scale, in particular for the regulation of the carbon cycle.

Due to their remoteness from centers of human activity, the French Southern Lands and Seas are extremely well preserved showcases of biological evolution and constitute a unique territory for scientific research, in particular for the long-term monitoring of bird populations. and marine mammals and for studying the effects of global changes. On the strength of this exceptional heritage, the TAAF community, through the nature reserve and with the commitment of the scientific community, has set up a proven and recognized management system ensuring its integrity for future generations.

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