8 Breathtaking Places To Visit In Vietnam
When it comes to pretty destination across Asian Continent, Vietnam makes it to the top of the list of every traveler. The truth is that Vietnam is a wonderland, full of beauty features that can not be overlooked. Anyone who has been to Vietnam will completely believe me. The modern glassy skyscraper in booming cities and the natural landscape that ignite the fairyland into a destination spot for every traveler is nothing but breathtaking. The country is well known for long history and multiple cultural heritage, that is why tourist direct their destination to Vietnam for essential knowledge and best exploration. From the Ho dynasty citadel built according to the principles of Feng Shui, testifies to the flourishing of Neo-Confucianism in Vietnam, to the Halong Bay; beautiful natural wonder in northern Vietnam near the Chinese border dotted with limestone islands and islets. The big thing is that Vietnam offers travellers the unique opportunity of great sightseeing, don’t be surprise with the multitude numbers of explorers that go to Vietnam for site-discovery. Below we have round up 8 must beautiful places you would love to visit anytime you are in Vietnam.
Ho dynasty citadel
Built in 1397, the Citadel of the Ho Dynasty, made up of the inner citadel, the outer rampart of La Thanh and the Nam Giao altar, covers an area of 155.5 hectares, surrounded by a buffer zone of 5,078, 5 hectares. Its location was chosen according to geomantic principles, in a landscape with panoramic views of great beauty, between the Ma and Buoi rivers, in the district of Vinh Lôc, province of Thanh Hoa, in Viet Nam. Built from large blocks of limestone, the inner citadel represents a new phase in the development of architectural technology and the adaptation of geomantic town planning to the context of East and South East Asia. a demonstration of the application of architectural elements to land use planning and decoration a centralized imperial city, illustrating a conception of royal power based on the adoption of Confucianist philosophy within the dominant Buddhist culture. Capital of Viet Nam from 1398 to 1407, but also political, economic and cultural center of north-central Viet Nam from the 16th to the 18th century, it offers exceptional testimony to a crucial period in the history of this country and of Southeast Asia, traditional concepts of kingship and Buddhist values giving way to new trends in technology, commerce and centralized administration.
Group of monuments of Huê
The Huê monument complex is located in and around the city of Huê, in the province of Thua Thien-Huê, in the geographical center of Viet Nam, with easy access to the sea. Established as the capital of unified Viet Nam in 1802 (AD), Hue was not only a political center but also a cultural and religious center during the domination of the Nguyên dynasty, the last royal dynasty in Vietnamese history which ruled from 1802 to 1945.
The plan of the new capital conforms to ancient Eastern philosophy and respects the physical conditions of the site.
The Ngu Binh mountain (known as the Royal Screen) and the Perfume River that crosses the city, give this unique feudal capital a general setting of great beauty while defining its symbolic importance. The site was chosen for the alliance of several natural factors brought together – the hills which represent a protective screen in front of the monuments or which play the role of “blue dragon” on the left and “white tiger” on the right – which protect the site. main entrance and prevent the access of malicious spirits. The main characteristics of the city are part of this landscape.
The structures of the ensemble of monuments of Hue are carefully arranged in the natural setting and aligned in accordance with the cosmology of the five cardinal points (center, west, east, north, south), of the five elements (earth, metal, wood, water , fire) and the five colors (yellow, white, blue, black, red).
This serial property is made up of 16 groups of monuments. The central structure of the ensemble is the area of the Citadel of Huê which was the administrative center of southern Viet Nam in the 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Citadel did not only have a simple administrative and military function, it also housed the Imperial Residence, the Hoang Thanh (the Imperial City), the Tu Cam Thanh (The Forbidden Purple City) and the associated royal palaces.
Tran Binh Dai, a defensive structure at the northeast corner of the capital city, was designed to control movement on the river. Another fortress, Tran Hai Thanh, was built a little later to protect the capital against assaults from the sea.
Outside the city, there are several important monuments related to the site. In remote areas, there were important ritual sites dedicated to the spiritual life of the dynasty such as the Van Mieu (the Temple of Literature), the Dan Nam Giao (the Esplanade of Sacrifice in Heaven and Earth), Ho Quyen (the Royal Sector), the Den Voi Re (the Temple of the Roaring Elephant), the Chua Thien Mu (the Pagoda of the Heavenly Lady). Further upstream from the Perfume River, are the tombs of the emperors of the dynasty.
The Huê Monuments Complex is an outstanding example of the planning and construction of a complete defensive capital city, built in a relatively short time at the beginning of the 19th century AD. The integrity of the urban plan and the design of the buildings make it an exceptional model of late feudal urban planning in the Far East.
From the 4th to the 13th century, the coast of contemporary Viet Nam was the cradle of a remarkable culture, of Indian Hindu spiritual inspiration. Concrete expression of this can be found in the ruins of a series of impressive tower-sanctuaries in what was, for most of its existence, the spectacular site of the religious and political capital of the kingdom of Champa.
My Son Sanctuary developed from the 4th to the 13th century CE. Its buildings stand in the mountainous region of Duy Xuyen district of Quang Nam province in Central Viet Nam. The sanctuary is located in an elevated circus, surrounded by a mountain range forming the watershed of the sacred river of Thu Bon. It is there that it finds its source and that, springing from the circus, it follows its course near the monuments and bathes the historic center of the Cham kingdom to throw itself into the East China Sea. At the mouth of the river is the ancient port city of Hoi An. This location gives the sanctuary a strategic importance since it was a stronghold easy to defend.
The tower sanctuaries were built over ten centuries of continuous development in what was the ancestral homeland of the ruling Dua clan who unified the Cham clans and established the kingdom of Champapura (city of the Cham people in Sanskrit) in 192 From the 4th to the 13th century, this culture, unique on the coast of present-day Viet Nam, was spiritually dependent on the Hinduism of the Indian subcontinent. Under this influence, many temples were built, dedicated to Hindu deities such as Krishna and Vishnu, but above all, Shiva. Although Mahayana Buddhism entered Cham culture, probably from the 4th century onwards, and established itself firmly in the north of the kingdom, Shaiva Hinduism has remained the established state religion.
The monuments of My Son Sanctuary are the most important constructions of the My Son civilization. The sanctuary towers feature a variety of architectural designs symbolizing the grandeur and purity of Mont Méru, the mythical sacred mountain, cradle of the Hindu gods at the center of the universe, now symbolically reproduced on earth in the mountainous homeland of the Cham people. The temples are built of baked brick and stone pillars decorated with sandstone bas-reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu mythology. Their technological sophistication is a testament to Cham skill in engineering, while the elaborate iconography and symbolism of the tower sanctuaries shed light on the content and evolution of Cham religious and political thought.
My Son Sanctuary is a remarkable architectural ensemble that has developed over ten centuries. It brightly evokes the spiritual and political life of an important stage in the history of Southeast Asia.
The monuments are unique and unparalleled in Southeast Asia.
Central sector of the imperial city of Thang Long-Hanoi
The Central Sector of the Imperial City of Thang Long-Hanoi, located in the heart of the capital of Viet Nam, is the most essential and best-preserved part of the ancient imperial citadel of Thang Long.
The imperial city of Thang Long was built in the 11th century by the Vietnamese Ly dynasty, concretizing the independence of Dai Viêt. It was built on the remains of a Chinese citadel dating from the 7th century, in the drained lands of the Red River Delta, in Hanoi. It was the site of regional political power continuously, for nearly thirteen centuries.
The buildings of the imperial city and the remains of the archaeological zone 18 Hoang Diêu express an original culture of South-East Asia, specific to the lower valley of the Red River, at the intersection of influences from China, to the north, and of the ancient kingdom of Champa to the south.
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long is characterized by the longevity and continuity of the exercise of power, as evidenced by the different archaeological levels and monuments.
Hoi An Old Town
Hoi An Old Town is located in Quang Nam Province, central Vietnam, on the north bank of the mouth of the Thu Bon River. The inscribed property covers 30 ha and has a buffer zone covering an area of 280 ha. It is an extremely well-preserved example of the small merchant ports which, between the 15th and 19th centuries, traded for the long haul both with the countries of South-East and East Asia and with the rest of the world. . Its decline at the end of the 19th century has made it possible to preserve a very high degree of authenticity its traditional urban fabric.
The city is a reflection of the mixture of indigenous and foreign cultures (mainly Chinese and Japanese and, later, European) which gave birth to this unique vestige.
The city presents a well-preserved ensemble of 1,107 timber-frame buildings, with brick or wooden walls, including architectural monuments and vernacular structures for commercial and residential use, among others, an open-air market and a dock for the ferry, and religious monuments such as pagodas and ancestral places of worship. The houses have tiled roofs and the wood components are carved with traditional patterns. They are lined up in tight rows along narrow pedestrian streets. There is also a delicate wooden Japanese bridge dating from the 18th century, on which there is a pagoda. The original street layout, which dates from the time when the city became a port, remains. It is a Hippodamian plan with an axis parallel to the river and another axis of streets and alleys that cross it at right angles. In general, buildings open onto the streets for easy access by customers, while the rear of buildings open onto the river, allowing easy loading and unloading of goods transported by ships.
The still existing wooden structures and the urban plan are original and have not been modified, they bear witness to a traditional townscape of the 17th and 18th centuries, the remains of which are unique in the region. Nowadays, the city is still busy and its port and commercial center activity continues. The living heritage which is a reflection of the various indigenous communities of the city and of foreigners has also been preserved and continues to be transmitted. Hoi An Old Town remains an exceptionally well-preserved example of a Far Eastern port.
Ha Long Bay, located in the Gulf of Tonkin, Quang Ninh Province, northeast Vietnam, is 165 km from the capital city of Hanoi. Covering an area of 43,400 ha and comprising more than 1,600 islands and islets, most of which are uninhabited and have not been disturbed by human activity, the bay forms a spectacular marine panorama of limestone pillars and represents a perfect model of the landscape. mature karst, as it evolves in a tropical, hot and humid climate. To the exceptional scenic beauty of the site is added the great biological interest that it presents.
The exceptional value of the site is centered on the submerged limestone karst formations, rising in remarkable pillars which present a variety of coastal erosion elements such as arches and caves, which constitute a landscape of natural majesty. The repeated regression and progression of the sea on limestone karst through geological periods has produced a fully developed landscape of groups of conical peaks and isolated turrets, modified by the invasion of the sea, this which brought a new element to the phenomenon of lateral scouring of turrets and limestone islands.
Phong Nha National Park – Ke Bang
Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park, which lies at the center of the Annamese mountain range in Quang Binh province, Viet Nam, borders Hin Namno Nature Reserve, Lao Democratic Republic, in the ‘Where is. The property covers an area of 123,326 ha and contains terrestrial and aquatic habitats, primary and secondary forests, sites of natural regeneration, dense tropical forests and savannas as well as numerous and large caves, often spectacular. and important to science.
The property owns and protects over 104 km of caves and underground rivers, making it one of the most exceptional limestone karst ecosystems in the world. The karst formation has evolved since the Paleozoic (around 400 million years ago): it is the oldest large karst region in Asia. Subject to tectonic upheavals, the karst landscape is extremely complex, comprising a series of rock types that are intricately interbedded and exhibit many geomorphological features. The karst landscape is also ancient with great geodiversity and geomorphological features of considerable importance.
The process of karst formation led to the creation of not only subterranean rivers but also a variety of cave types including: dry caves, terraced caves, hanging caves, dendritic caves and caves that s intersect. With more than 44.5 km in length, Phong Nha cave is the most famous of the network and excursion boats can enter it up to 1,500 m. Son Doong Cave, first explored in 2009, is believed to contain the world’s largest passage, inside a cave, in terms of diameter and continuity.
The property is home to a large number of species of flora and fauna and over 800 vertebrate species have been recorded, including 154 mammals, 117 reptiles, 58 amphibians, 314 birds and 170 fish. It is clear that in its intact forest cover, the property has an impressive rate of biodiversity, despite certain gaps in the knowledge of the state of the population of certain species.
Trang An Landscape Complex
Located in Ninh Binh Province, northern Viet Nam, near the southern shore of the Red River Delta, the Trang An (Trang An) Landscape Complex is a mixed, cultural and natural asset, essentially contained within three protected areas, namely the ancient capital of Hoa Lu, the scenic landscape of Trang An-Tam Coc-Bich Dong and the special use forest of Hoa Lu. Covering 6,226 hectares within the limestone massif of Trang An , the property is surrounded by a buffer zone of 6,026 hectares, rural areas with mainly rice fields. While there are some 14,000 residents – families who for the most part rely on agriculture – most of the property is uninhabited and in its natural state.
Trang An is globally significant as a turreted karst landscape in a humid tropical environment in the later stages of geomorphological evolution. It is made up of a large number of classic karstic reliefs, pitons and turrets in particular, and a set of closed depressions interconnected by a complex network of underground watercourses, some navigable by small boats. Today emerged, the region is unique in that it has been invaded by the sea several times during a recent geological past. The mixture of peaks surrounded by natural rain forest and large internal basins connected by narrow caves pierced with calm waters, creates a landscape of extraordinary beauty and tranquility.
Archaeological deposits in the caves reveal a continuous sequence of occupation and human activities over more than 30,000 years, of regional significance. Evidence shows how early human groups adapted to the changing landscapes in the massif, including some of the most extreme climatic and environmental changes in recent planet history.